Lifestyle + CBD

Navigating the World of CBD: A Beginner's Guide to CBD Terminology and Product Types

Navigating the World of CBD: A Beginner's Guide to CBD Terminology and Product Types

Exploring the world of cannabidiol (CBD) products can be an exciting yet disorienting journey, especially if you're a newcomer. With so many products, terms, and potential benefits to learn about, it's easy to feel overwhelmed. 

Thanks to the recent surge in popularity surrounding CBD's potential benefits, it is no wonder that many people are eager to explore its various forms and applications. Still, the sheer volume of information and terminology can be overwhelming for those just beginning their journey.

Don't worry, though. This comprehensive guide is here to help you navigate the ever-evolving landscape of CBD and provide you with the information necessary to make well-thought-out decisions about your wellness journey.

The article below aims to simplify the often-confusing aspects of CBD by breaking down key terms and product types commonly encountered in the market. Read on to become well-versed in all things CBD and confidently embark on your personal wellness journey.

Key Takeaways

  • CBD comes in three main forms: full-spectrum, broad-spectrum, and isolate, each with varying levels of cannabinoids, terpenes, and THC content.
  • CBD products range from oils and tinctures to edibles and topicals, catering to diverse preferences and needs.
  • When choosing CBD products, consider your desired effects, lifestyle, potency, extraction method, THC content, and product quality and reputation.
  • Always consult with a healthcare provider before starting a CBD regimen to understand potential benefits, risks, and drug interactions.

What Is CBD?

Cannabidiol, more commonly known as CBD, is a naturally occurring compound found in cannabis plants. Unlike its more famous "cousin," delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), CBD does not produce the "high" or any intoxicating effects typically associated with cannabis use. Instead, it has gained attention for its potential therapeutic benefits and the ability to support overall wellness.

CBD oil bottle and cannabis leaf

CBD is extracted from hemp, a variety of cannabis with low THC content (less than 0.3%).  Once consumed or applied, CBD interacts with our body's endocannabinoid system (ECS), which plays a crucial role in regulating various physiological processes and maintaining balance. This interaction may contribute to CBD's potential benefits in areas like stress management, physical discomfort relief, and sleep support.

CBD Terminology: Commonly Used Terms

To understand CBD products, it's essential to familiarize yourself with some common terms used in the industry. Below are a few key phrases you'll likely encounter when shopping for CBD.

Types of CBD

There are three main types of CBD extract:

  • Full-spectrum CBD. Contains all the naturally occurring compounds found in hemp plants, including trace amounts of THC (less than 0.3%). This formulation allows some users to experience the "entourage effect," where all compounds work synergistically to enhance the overall effectiveness of CBD.
  • Broad-spectrum CBD. Similar to full-spectrum but with the THC completely removed. It still contains other beneficial cannabinoids and terpenes while maintaining a non-detectable THC level.
  • CBD isolate. The purest form of CBD, containing 99% or more of cannabidiol and no other cannabinoids or terpenes. Ideal for those who want to consume pure CBD and make sure they avoid any traces of THC. 

Other Ingredients

Depending on the specific product, manufacturers might add various ingredients to enhance the flavor, aroma, or potential health benefits. Here are some examples of these additional ingredients.

  • Terpenes. Organic compounds responsible for the unique aroma and flavor profiles found in various cannabis strains. 
  • Flavonoids. Responsible for the pigmentation in various plants. They also possess antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, which may contribute to the potential health benefits of CBD products. 
  • Carrier oils. These are the oils that the CBD can be mixed with. They help to carry the CBD and make it easier for your body to absorb. Some common carrier oils include MCT oil (often derived from coconut oil), hemp seed oil, sweet almond oil, olive oil, and grapeseed oil.
  • Flavorings. To improve the taste of CBD oil, which can be somewhat bitter and earthy, some manufacturers add natural or artificial flavorings. These can include a wide range of flavors, from mint and citrus to chocolate and vanilla.
  • Sweeteners. To counteract the bitterness of CBD, some oils contain natural or artificial sweeteners. For instance, stevia is a common choice for natural sweeteners.
  • Essential Oils. Some CBD oils may contain essential oils for added flavor or potential health benefits. Peppermint, lavender, and chamomile are among the most popular options. These oils can also help to improve the taste and smell of the CBD oil.

CBD and cup of tea

Remember, not all CBD oils will contain all these ingredients. It's important to read the label and understand what you're getting. If you're unsure, you can always consult a medical professional. They can help you understand the potential benefits and risks, point out allergens, and guide you in choosing a CBD oil product that's right for your individual needs and health situation.

Types of CBD Products

The market offers a wide array of CBD products catering to diverse preferences and needs. Some of the most popular options include:


CBD oils are one of the most common types of CBD products. They are made by mixing CBD with a carrier oil and often come in a small bottle with a dropper for easy and precise administration. 

The oil can be placed under the tongue and swallowed for quick absorption into the bloodstream. Some people also add it to food and drinks to mask its distinct, earthy, and slightly bitter taste. You can also buy flavored CBD oil to ensure it's more palatable. 

CBD Tinctures

While the terms "CBD oil" and "CBD tincture" are often used interchangeably, there is a significant distinction. 

Tinctures are made using an alcohol base rather than oil. The CBD is infused into high-proof alcohol, which is then boiled off, leaving the CBD extract behind. Like CBD oil, tinctures are typically consumed orally but can also be added to foods and beverages.


Softgels offer a convenient way to consume CBD, similar to taking a daily vitamin. Each softgel contains a specific amount of CBD, eliminating the guesswork involved in determining the precise serving size. 

Aside from CBD, some CBD softgels products may include additional ingredients, like melatonin for sleep support or turmeric, that's valued for its anti-inflammatory properties.


CBD edibles offer a tasty, discreet, and easy way to consume CBD. For a luxurious treat, CBD-infused chocolates provide a measured amount of CBD in gourmet form. Some sweet lovers may prefer CBD-infused honey and syrups, which can be used in teas, on foods, or even consumed directly, and CBD mints or candies offer a convenient, on-the-go option. 


Topical CBD products are designed to be applied directly to the skin. They are ideal for addressing localized physical discomfort or conditions such as dry or itchy skin. 

Topicals can come in various forms, including creams, lotions, balms, and salves. They may also include other beneficial ingredients, like essential oils or herbal extracts. Some also contain other beneficial compounds, such as capsaicin for additional pain relief or hyaluronic acid that ensures hydration.

CBD Gummies

CBD edibles

CBD gummies are a popular choice for their tasty, candy-like appeal and ease of use. Each gummy contains a specific amount of CBD, allowing for easy and hassle-free consumption. You can always keep them on hand and munch on a gummy or two whenever you need extra support.

CBD Drinks

CBD drinks are becoming increasingly popular as a refreshing and easy way to consume CBD. These can include infused sodas, water, teas, and coffees. They offer an alternative way to ingest CBD that can be more enjoyable than traditional oil tinctures or capsules. 

Vape Products

Vaping is a method of CBD consumption that provides quick effects, as the CBD is inhaled and rapidly absorbed by the lungs. CBD vape products come in the form of e-liquids that can be used with a vaporizer or vape pen. You can also find disposable vape pens infused with CBD that are intended for single use. 

However, it's essential to note that vaping is not suitable for everyone, as it can cause respiratory irritation in some people, and the long-term health effects are still being studied.

CBD Pet Treats

As the CBD market expands, it's not only humans who can benefit from this natural compound. CBD pet treats are becoming a popular option for pet owners looking to ensure their beloved pets' well-being. 

Treats such as dog chews or products like CBD tinctures for pets can be excellent choices. Still, it's important to consult with a veterinarian before introducing CBD into a pet's diet, as it may not be suitable for all animals due to underlying health issues or certain dietary restrictions.

How to Find the Right CBD Product for Your Needs?

When choosing a CBD product, there are several factors to take into account to ensure the best fit for your specific needs and preferences.

Desired Effects

Take the time to reflect on the primary reasons you want to use CBD, whether for stress management, improved sleep quality, or relieving physical discomfort after intense workouts. Different product types and formulations may cater more effectively to certain wellness goals. 

For example, if you're seeking quick relief from stress, you might opt for a fast-absorbing tincture or vape product. If you're looking for sustained support throughout the day, capsules or edibles might be more suitable. Additionally, athletes who often deal with bruising and minor injuries may benefit from CBD topicals the most.

Lifestyle and Preferences

Consider how a CBD product will fit into your daily routine and personal preferences. If you're always on the go and prefer a discrete method of consumption, portable options like gummies or softgels might be ideal. Alternatively, if you enjoy incorporating supplements into your morning or evening rituals, tinctures or topicals may be more fitting.

Potency and Serving Size

Understanding the concentration of CBD per serving is essential for ensuring you receive an adequate amount to meet your needs. 

Start with a lower amount of CBD and gradually increase it as needed until you find your optimal level of effectiveness. Keep in mind that factors such as body weight, metabolism, and individual biochemistry can influence the effective dosage for each person. 

CBD is not a one-size-fits-all solution, and even if it worked in a certain way for one of your friends or colleagues, it might not do the same for you.

Extraction Method

The extraction method used can have a significant impact on the quality of the final product. There are several ways to extract CBD from hemp, but the most common are CO2 extraction and ethanol extraction. 

CBD extraction

CO2 extraction is considered the gold standard as it preserves the purity of CBD while removing unwanted substances like chlorophyll. Ethanol extraction is also safe and effective, but it may lead to a less potent product as it could extract other components from the plant.

THC Content

THC is the intoxicating compound found in cannabis that causes the "high." While most CBD products contain only trace amounts of THC (less than 0.3%), it's essential to verify the THC content, especially if you're concerned about the potential psychoactive effects or if you need to take drug tests for work. Full-spectrum CBD products contain all compounds found in cannabis, including THC, while broad-spectrum CBD and CBD isolates are typically THC-free.


Just like any other product, the price of CBD can vary significantly depending on various factors such as the brand, the type of product, the concentration of CBD, the quality of ingredients used, and the overall manufacturing process. 

While it may be tempting to opt for the cheapest products possible, they may not offer the same quality or transparency. It's often worth investing a bit more in a product from a reputable brand that provides detailed information about the product's content and has positive reviews from users.

Quality and Reputation

It's crucial to choose a reputable brand that prioritizes quality and transparency. Before making any purchases, always research the company's background, read customer reviews, and check third-party lab test results to verify the product's purity, potency, and safety. Look for brands that source their hemp from organic farms or grow it according to sustainability principles. 

Consult With a Healthcare Professional

Before starting any CBD regimen, it's wise to speak with a healthcare provider who is familiar with your medical history and can provide personalized guidance on product selection, serving size, and potential drug interactions.

In Conclusion

Embarking on the CBD journey can initially appear daunting with its complexities and the abundance of different products to try. However, understanding CBD types, recognizing its terminology, and comprehending the diverse product forms can equip you for this wellness pursuit. 

Remember, the CBD journey is not the same for everyone and its effectiveness varies based on individual factors. Always choose quality products from reputable brands and consult with a healthcare provider for personalized guidance. By arming yourself with knowledge and guidance, you can confidently traverse the evolving CBD landscape toward achieving your wellness goals.

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